The paper describes ethical issues involved in the work of a TV journalist. The author – an experienced editor and producer of TV programs – diagnoses the. etyka dziennikarska zadania mediów: role jakie powinny pełnić media epołeczeńetwie reguluje prawo prasowe. wolność to eytuacja kiedy władza. Title, Etyka dziennikarska. Author, Jan Pleszczyński. Publisher, Difin, ISBN, , Length, pages. Export Citation, BiBTeX.
|Published (Last):||7 December 2013|
|PDF File Size:||12.87 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||16.27 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
In both cases, we see a gravitation towards old frames for identifying what may seem like new problems, offering yet additional configurations that argue for a difference in kind for what remains essentially a difference in degree. Many of the starting points, end points and arguments dzienikarska them feel familiar even when they are first broached. Despite an enormous body of academic literature dealing with the values, practices, and impact of journalism, journalism scholars still dzennikarska not produced a coherent picture of what journalism is.
dziennikaraka In fact, a more modulated understanding of journalism and its environment, one that privileges symbiosis more than independence, plodding incremental change more than revolution, is supported by the fact that certain periods emerge as particularly fertile settings for thinking anew about what journalism could be.
They live in an environment in which economic imperatives and bottom-line pressures force the news to act as a for-profit enterprise, and so journalists are diversified, multi-tasking and multi-skilling in ways that previous generations would not recognize. I want to mention three examples in this regard. Regardless of whether that plays out, we efyka additional forums for dzieninkarska journalists and journalism scholars together — journals publishing them side by side, forums in which they interact on common issues, platforms in which they carry on investigative and scholarly work together.
This has produced stubborn enclaves not only across each of the three populations but within them as well. We instead insist on demarcations as if they have some real status recognizable in the world. When coupled with the fact that many journalists cover crisis not as members of news organizations, but as freelancers or solo journalists, offering coverage across platform and news organization, the prevalence of organizational logic seems to be pushing a reality that is less relevant now than it used to be.
Those forces push broadly during certain periods toward change in multiple domains, not just journalism. This notion goes far beyond the work of Kuhn, and it is implicated in scholarship by Durkheim, Foucault, and others — all of whom maintained in different ways that the social group is critical to establishing ways of knowing the world.
Both the academy and journalism refer to clusters of activities that are devoted to the production and dissemination of knowledge. But it started long before that. What would be left in the end, and how much of it would we recognize? In etyyka words, journalism scholarship can and should provide journalists with a wealth of accessible knowledge against which to situate their practice, but we need more forums in which to make that happen.
Po prostu rozsądek, czyli etyka dziennikarska
But we can only do so if we reinvigorate our scholarly lenses enough to offer journalists new ways of regarding their role in servicing the public interest. Making such assumptions diverts our attention from the necessary patterning in evolutionary models of journalistic practice, which are nearly always framed in conjunction with that which came before and often in not very novel ways.
Once consensus is established, new phenomena tend to be classified by already proven lines. And yet we do not study and teach journalism in a way that reflects this variegated and simultaneous engagement. What about tweets on twitter? This not only includes understanding why we harken back to the old in describing the new — as dziennikarsks the repetitive invocations of new journalism, for instance — but offers a persistent reminder that all environments have had multiple repetitive experiences over time.
On the one hand, journalism stretches in various forms across all of the ways in which we come together as a collective. This means pulling in a whole host dziennikxrska contextual variables that complicate the space of news, not only by compressing it into reactivity: In other words, what we think has a predetermined shape and life-line, which privileges community, solidarity and power.
Although journalism has been around for as long as publics have needed mediated information about the larger world, journalism itself experiences a schizophrenic existence with the world. Finally, what does any of this suggest for the public interest?
Are there easy answers to financial meltdown, global warming, disease? Where would history dzkennikarska without journalism? Implicit here is the fziennikarska that journalists need to listen more to academics and minimize their sensitivity to criticisms that academics wield.
For instance, how much research begins by exerting itself as an antidote to notions of neutral, objective, impartial journalism? Inquiry, then, is not just a cognitive act but a social one too.
Likewise, a journalism scholarship that facilitates these qualities ultimately works to public benefit too.
Dziennikarz Niezależny? Etyka dziennikarska w praktyce
I note rziennikarska the now defunct Freedom Forum Center for Media Studies at Columbia University, which provided just such an opportunity to better understand the other side. Nor is there any one unitary vision of journalism to be found. And so the defining feature of journalism has faded to the background of what is necessary to know.
One presumes too much independence, one presumes very little independence. Each of these three points orient backward rather than forward, paralleling in scholarship the reactivity we see emerging so acutely in journalists themselves.
On the way to establishing consensus, individuals favoring competing insights battle over definitions, terms of reference and boundaries of inclusion and exclusion. And how has this affected its capacity to serve the public interest?
Disciplines come to play in this regard among journalism scholars, where historians, sociologists, political scientists, linguists and cultural analysts all remain in isolated pockets from each other, but we need to mention too how separated are our curricular sequences by medium. In the US, both mainstream newspapers and broadcast news other than the morning shows are losing their publics, while a growth in the ethnic press, the alternative press, in cable news, and in alternative sites like late night television comedy, blogs and other online sites particularly among the young suggests that the change in journalism is rapid and widespread.
This suggests that journalism scholarship constitutes a valuable linch-pin between journalism and its aspirations to service the public sphere.