Centrosema macrocarpum. Kletternde Schmetterlingserbse, Climbing Butterfly Pea, Spurred Butterfly Pea Synonyme: Centrosema lisboae. Image of Centrosema macrocarpum. Centrosema lisboae Trusted C. macrocarpum is distributed in Nicaragua, Brazil, Panama, Colombia, Bolivia, French. Centrosema macrocarpum Benth. Search in The Plant List Search in IPNI Search in Australian Plant Name Index Search in NYBG Virtual Herbarium Search in.

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Grasses suitable for association with C. Grazed pastures in mixture with grasses, as legume -only protein banks, cut-and-carry, and soil cover in cehtrosema and plantations. Adapted to low- to medium-fertility, well drained soils of various textures, particularly loams. Trellis-grown to facilitate hand harvest of seed. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Retrieved from ” https: Tap-rooted, trailing perennial herb centroseema slender stems, rooting at the nodes in some genotypes.

When mown, cutting intervals will depend on soil moisture and fertility; weeks is suggested as an adequate interval with a cutting height of cm. As yet, no cultivar has been released. Of these, the low-altitude ecotypes from northern South America Colombia, Venezuela are particularly promising as forage plants. Tripping of flowers by large insects required for pod set.

See Terms of Use for details. In pasture systems it can be grazed in pure legume stands “protein bank” or in a mixture with grass. A breeding project aimed at introducing the acid-soil tolerance of C. It is suitable for cut-and-carry systems and can also be used as ground cover in plantation agriculture. Climbing a trellis – flower inflorescence an axillary racemepod, and trifoliolate leaf. Once established, it is very drought-tolerant and can remain green during dry seasons as long as months.


Stylosanthes capitataS. This is a consequence of the tripping of flowers by bumblebees which also transfer pollen. The legume has specific Bradyrhizobium strain requirements. A robust perennial, taprooted vine, prostrate in absence of a support; trailing stems with variable centroaema to root at nodes. Click on images to enlarge Climbing a trellis – flower inflorescence an axillary racemepod, and trifoliolate leaf.

Centrosema macrocarpum – Vines & Climbers, C

Because of its adaptation to acid, infertile soils and drought, and its high productivity and nutritive value and good disease tolerance, C. Seeds transversely oblong to rectangular, on average centrosea mm x 3 mm, yellowish-brownish or black, plain, mottled or marbled.

Navigation menu Personal tools Log in Request account. Stem pilose with greyish hairs when young, glabrescent, lignified at base.

Leaf-eating insects can be a problem during dry periods. Warm season growth only. Biology, Agronomyand Utilization. Not seriously affected by the major Centrosema diseases, Rhizoctonia foliar blight, anthracnose, Cercospora leaf-spot and bacterial wilt. Ovate leaflets, immature pods and seeds. Views Read View mscrocarpum View history.

With Brachiaria dictyoneura – being grazed at Quilichao, Colombia. Flower and immature pods. It has good tolerance of soil acidity including Al and Mn toxicity, and of low available P.

Further conditions which promote flowering are the removal of accumulated biomass and the provision of support for plants to climb up. None of the economically important diseases of the cetnrosema Rhizoctonia foliar blight, anthracnose, Cercospora leaf-spot, and bacterial blight has been observed to affect C.

Soybean mosaic virus infection by aphids has been reported. The main use of C.

Centrosema macrocarpum

This page was last modified on 28 Aprilat Its potential seems to be greater in cut-and-carry systems and for protein banks than as a component in a grass-legume pasture, where it is sensitive to grazing mismanagement. Because of the large degree of outcrossing, plant populations within a given ecotype can show considerable variation.


Cookies help us deliver our services. Spread is localised by stolon development, extensive spread being limited by low amounts of seed produced under grazing. It is tolerant of grazing and cutting once well established, but in mixtures with grasses, it tends macgocarpum decline under intensive grazing. Insects may eat leaves, especially during dry periods. Inflorescence an axillary raceme with up to 30 flowers inserted in pairs along rachis; flower papilionaceous, subtended by a pair of ovate-lanceolate-falcate bracteoles; calyx campanulate, 5-teethed with carinal tooth considerably longer than others; petals showy and cream-coloured with purple centre; standard orbicular-emarginate, cm in diameter, pubescent outside; wings and keel much smaller than standard, directed upwards.

Click on images to enlarge. The species is well represented in the collection held by CIAT Colombia where a large number of quite variable accessions are available.

It tolerates moderate shade. Evidence of considerable centrpsema has been observed in C. As it has specific Bradyrhizobium centrlsema, seed must be inoculated with an appropriate strain if the legume is to cenntrosema established where it has not been sown before. Depending on plant age and soil fertility, N concentration in leaves ecntrosema from 3. The legume grows well on a range of soils, provided they are well drained, but preferably on medium-textured soils.

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