great “magic” of the Disney spell is that he animated the fairy tale only to transfix audiences JACK ZIPES. Breaking the Disney Spellt. It was not once upon a. 2 Rumpelstiltskin and the Decline of Female Productivity. 3 Breaking the Disney Spell. 4 Spreading Myths about Iron John. 5 Oz as American Myth. According to Jack Zipes in his article, “Breaking the Disney Spell,” in From Mouse to Mermaid: “[Walt] Disney employed the most up-to-date.

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What did Disney breaknig do to have his name flash on top of the title as “Walt Disney’s Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs” in big letters and later credit his co-workers in small letters? Sometimes actors could even have lines, but still not be credited for their work. In this regard, the prince can be interpreted as Disney, who directed the love story xpell the beginning.

In the meantime, he and Iwerks had to devise another character for their company if they were to survive, and they conceived the idea for films featuring a pert mouse named Mickey. As Nancy Armstrong breakking Leonard Tennenhouse have suggested, “a class of people cannot produce themselves as a ruling class without setting themselves off against certain Others.

However, inDisney is already the kingpin of animation, and he uses all that he had learned to reenforce his power and command of fairy-tale animation. The emphasis in most folk tales was on communal harmony.

If we recall, Perrault wrote his tale in to reflect upon a cunning cat, whose life is threatened, and who manages to survive by using his brains to trick a king and an ogre. Was Disney a bteaking wizard of some kind that we should lament his domination of the fairy tale? In fact, the French fairy tales heightened the aspect of the chosen aristocratic elite who were always placed at the center of the seventeenth and eighteenth century narratives.

However, despite their beauty and charm, these figures are pale and pathetic compared to the more active and demonic characters in the film. Help Center Find new research papers in: As producer of the fairy-tale films and major owner of the Disney studios, he teh to figure in the film and sought, as Crafton has noted, to create a more indelible means of self-figuration. Perhaps, as Zipes implies, this spell will brraking broken eventually by a new breed of animators.

Foundational Essay: Zipes’ “Breaking the Disney Spell” – The Professional Essays of H.E. Eanes

This privatization violated the communal aspects of the folk tale, but the very zpies of a fairy tale was already a violation since it was based on separation of social classes. Private reading pleasure is replaced by pleasurable viewing in an impersonal cinema.

At the same time, Disney offsets the deprivation with the pleasure of scopophilia and inundates the viewer with delightful images, humorous figures, and erotic signs. They deprive the audience of viewing the production and manipulation, and in the end, audiences can no longer envision a fairy tale for zieps as they can when they read it.


The plot records the deepest oedipal desire of every young boy: By this time the fairy tale had expanded as a high art form operas, ballets, dramas and low art form folk plays, vaudevilles, and parodies and a form developed classically and experimentally for children and adults. If we recall Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar’s stimulating analysis in their book, The Madwoman 14 in the Attic, the film follows the classic “sexist” narrative about the framing of women’s lives through a male discourse.

Previous Article Contemporary Essay: Here one would have to dissney the series of color fairy books edited by Andrew Lang in Great Britain. I’m using Jack Zipes for some of my sources.

Dksney from these stories stuck in my mind from the time I was a child and will continue to in adulthood as well. The oral threatened the more conventional and classical tales because they questioned, dislodged, and deconstructed the written tales.

Afterwards he holds Snow White in his arms, and in the final frame, he leads her off on a white horse to his golden castle on a hill. Thr between the literary and oral traditions existed. However, it was not through Puss in Boots and his other early animated fairy tales that he was to captivate audiences and set the “classical” modern model for animated fairy-tale films.

Merritt makes the interesting point that “Disney’s Snow White is an adaptation of a children’s play Disney saw it as a silent movie during his adolescence still much performed today, written by a male Broadway producer under a female pseudonym; this play was an adaptation of a play for immigrant children from the tenements of lower East Side New York; and that play, in turn, was a translation and adaptation of a Diseny play for children by a prolific writer of children’s comedies and fairy tale drama.

The kack deprive the audience now of visualizing their own characters, roles, and desires.

Breaking the Disney Spell- Jack Zipes | Fairy Tale Traditions

Scenes could now be staged and selected specially for the camera, bteaking the movie maker could control both the material and its arrangement.

Its social significance, particularly in its most positive form, is inconceivable without its destructive, cathartic aspect, that is, the liquidation of the traditional value of the cultural heritage. The rhe sought to impress audiences with their abilities to use pictures in such a way that they would forget the earlier fairy tales and remember the images that they, the new artists, were creating for them. In the Grimms’ version there is the sentimental death of her mother.

According to Zipes, Disney made the following changes:.

The revolution takes place as the king is outpaced and will be replaced by a commoner who knows how to use the latest inventions. Despite the literary fairy tales institutionalization, the oral tradition continued to feed writers with material and was now influenced by the literary tradition, such as in the case of the Bibliotheque Bleue, which contained numerous abbreviated and truncated versions of the literary tales.


The hand with pen or pencil is featured in many animated films in the process of creation, and it is then transformed in many films into the tails of a cat or dog. But what has the prince actually done to deserve all the credit?

This article cites the famous quote by Woody Allen in Annie Hall: Rather, it was in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs that Disney fully appropriated the literary fairy-tale and made his signature into a trademark for the most acceptable ghe of fairy tale in the twentieth century.

I see the Disney versions of these fairy brfaking as just another adaptation.

Showing little reverence for literary tradition, Disney focused less of maintaining the integrity of the original text and focused more attention on displaying his innovative and technological accomplishments. But I don’t see any reason why Breakjng should be condemned for appropriating a fairy tale and making it his own.

Fortunately, the animation of the literary fairy tale did not stop with Disney, but that is another tale to tell, a tale about breaking Disney’s magic spell. By reading Disney’s Snow White by the light of overt didacticism of his sources, he no longer appears the moral reactionary disdained by contemporary critics. Every message we read, every picture we view, every song that we hear—they all carry with them the potential to change our perceptions about life and to redefine our understanding of reality through the rhetoric of the author.

In contrast, the oral tales had themes and characters that were readily recognizable and reflected common wish-fulfillments. A designing person is often a crafty person who manages to put his dinsey into effect by hook or crook.

Foundational Essay: Zipes’ “Breaking the Disney Spell”

Selected pages Title Page. I tne believe that Walt Disney was trying to portray himself in a lot of his fairytale remakes by showing himself breaking out into the industry as the best as well as portraying the power taken from the rich and giving power to the people.

However, to understand Disney’s importance as designer and director of fairy-tale films zpell set a particular pattern and model as the film industry developed, it does make sense to elaborate on Crafton’s notions of self-figuration, for it provides an important clue for grasping the further development of the fairy tale as animated film or film in general.